Isaac Newton

“If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants.” – Isaac Newton

There is something called “Collective Intelligence”

Humans have been around for approximately 200,000 years, but up until about 70,000 years ago, we weren’t too different from any of the other animals in our impact on the environment.

Then, in a relatively short period, we became the dominant predator on Earth. A few 10,000 years later, we began settling into agricultural communities, and less than 9,000 years after that, we learned to write. Since then, our rate of progress has only gotten faster.

The modern world we enjoy today is inconceivably different from the world we’ve lived in for the majority of our existence.

What changed?

The answer lies in our ability to pass down knowledge.

Nothing Is Entirely Original

When most of us think about a discovery or an invention, we think of something new; something that did not exist before; something that seemingly came up to us out of thin air.

That is not an entirely accurate way of looking at it.

No discovery or invention is completely original: Any new idea, process, or method is in some way a combination of old concepts and information. Discoveries are never a product of pure single-handed originality.

There is no copyright on intelligence

Our humanoid prosperity as a species rests on our collective intelligence. Alone, and without the power of past knowledge, we would not be where we are today. Individually, we have to rely on others more than to depend on ourselves.

None of us can do it alone, and we do not have to. The intelligent creative process is nothing else than a way of finding relationships between people, between intelligentsia and what is already known.

Yes indeed, there is something called “Collective Intelligence” and by definition, everything that is “collective” does not carry individual ownership.

There is inspiration to be found everywhere.

JMD

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

 

by: Joshua Hehe

sustainability

Right now there are about seven billion people on Earth and a large portion of them are malnourished. Furthermore, as the population increases, so too does the global need for food. Unfortunately, in the current production model, corporations tend to feed most of the food in the world to other food for a relatively small number of people to then consume. That is to say, companies grow plants for animals to eat, and then only the most affluent individuals get to dine on them.

Rather than doing this, we could feed far more people if everyone would just become vegetarians instead. The problem is that the operating procedures that are in place perpetuate a carnivorous consumer culture. This is a huge problem. There is so much water being wasted in the current agricultural methods. The logistics involved in the transport of these goods also requires a great deal of oil to be used. In addition to this, the models in place are terribly inefficient and unsustainable uses of land. This system only serves to line the pockets and bellies of the wealthy elite, with little to no regard for anything or anyone else.

To transition the world to a humane vegan diet, we need to invest far more into local vertical farms all across the world. In this way, biotech plant-based foods will provide meat alternatives with far more nutrition. These laboratory grade edibles are revolutionary. Scientists have even found clever ways to make it all delicious too. By oxygenating the roots of vegetables grown hydroponically, it’s possible to make healthy food that actually tastes great.

It’s so inhumane for people to go hungry in this world, and vertical farms are really the only thing that can save people from continued starvation. This is why it is so vital for everyone to become a vegan as soon as possible. The only way that everyone can eat is if we all give up meat. In this way we will end the suffering of countless animals, including starving children.

To eliminate animal consumption altogether humanity must eventually embrace vertical farming. This is an inevitable step that our species must take that I am fully in favor of for so many reasons. For one thing, such a marvel of engineering completely eliminates the need for harmful fertilizers and pesticides. Plus, the specific spectrum lighting used to make all of this happen allows food to be harvested year round. The climate controlled buildings also take up very little space on the ground, making them easy to incorporate into cities of all sizes. This forward thinking concept is definitely the way of the future.


JMD

Bunkumless.com

jmdlive@live.ca

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

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  | The Washington Post | February 22, 2017

life-beyond-earth

Astronomers found a new solar system just 39 light years from ours, full of Earthlike planets. Here’s what you should know about the TRAPPIST-1 system. (Jenny Starrs, Sarah Kaplan/The Washington Post)

A newfound solar system just 39 light-years away contains seven warm, rocky planets, scientists say.

The discovery represents the first time astronomers have detected so many terrestrial planets orbiting a single star. Researchers say the system is an ideal laboratory for studying distant worlds and could be the best place in the galaxy to search for life beyond Earth.

“Before this, if you wanted to study terrestrial planets, we had only four of them and they were all in our solar system,” said lead author Michaël Gillon, an exoplanet researcher at the University of Liege in Belgium. “Now we have seven Earth-sized planets to expand our understanding. Yes, we have the possibility to find water and life. But even if we don’t, whatever we find will be super-interesting.”

The newly discovered solar system resembles a scaled-down version of our own. The star at its center, an ultra-cool dwarf called TRAPPIST-1, is less than a tenth the size of our sun and about a quarter as warm. Its planets circle tightly around it; the closest takes just a day and a half to complete an orbit and the most distant takes about 20 days.

If these planets orbited a larger, brighter star they would be fried to a crisp. But TRAPPIST-1 is so cool that all seven of the bodies are bathed in just the right amount of warmth to hold liquid water. And three of them receive the same amount of heat as Venus, Earth and Mars, putting them in “the habitable zone,” that Goldilocks region where it’s thought life can thrive.

The researchers call these worlds “Earthlike,” though it’s a generous term. The planets of the TRAPPIST-1 system do resemble Earth in terms of size, mass and the energy they receive from their star, but there’s a lot that makes our planet livable besides being a warm rock. Further observation is required to determine the composition of the TRAPPIST-1 bodies, if they have atmospheres and if they hold water, methane, oxygen and carbon dioxide — the molecules that scientists consider “biosignatures,” or signs of life.

“You can bet people will be rushing to take those measurements,” said Elisabeth Adams, an exoplanet researcher at the Planetary Science Institute who was not involved in the study. “That’s going to be fascinating to see.”

Whatever secrets it may harbor, the TRAPPIST-1 system would surely be a sight to behold. Though the star is small, its nearness to the planets means that, from their perspective, it appears about three times as large as our sun. The outermost planets enjoy the daily spectacle of their neighbors passing across the sky and in front of their shared sun, each world a large dark spot silhouetted against the salmon-colored star. Its dim glow, which skews toward the red and infrared end of the light spectrum, bathes the planets in warmth and paints their skies with the crimson hues of a perpetual sunset.

Gillon and his colleagues have been interested in TRAPPIST-1 since late 2015. Using the European Southern Observatory’s Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope (TRAPPIST) in Chile, they sensed small dips in the star’s brightness at regular intervals. These dips were caused by planets transiting — crossing between the star and Earth — and blocking some of its light. Last May, the scientists published their discovery in Nature: three rocky bodies, dubbed TRAPPIST-1b, -1c and -1d, orbited the small star, they said.

But right around the time the study was published, Gillon noticed that TRAPPIST-1d was behaving oddly. When he went to get a closer look with the Very Large Telescope, the ESO’s gigantic observatory in South America’s Atacama Desert, he realized that the dip in brightness he thought came from 1d was actually caused by three planets, all transiting at the same time.

This happens only once every three years, said Julien de Wit, a planetary scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a co-author on the study. “The chance of catching it is less than one in a thousand,” he explained. “It’s funny because it’s such a huge paper with amazing results, and we got it from sheer luck.”

Next the team hurried to request time at the Spitzer Space Telescope, whose Earth-trailing orbit around the sun offered an uninterrupted view of TRAPPIST-1 and its companions. During 20 days with the Spitzer telescope, the team witnessed 34 transits.

These observations “lifted the veil on the architecture of the system,” as de Wit put it. Instead of three planets, TRAPPIST-1 had seven, renamed TRAPPIST-1b through -h in order of their distance from the star.

The scientists determined that the six inner planets are locked in an orbital resonance, meaning that the lengths of their orbits are related by a ratio of whole numbers. Because of this, the bodies exert regular gravitational influences on one another. By measuring those influences, the astronomers could determine the mass of the planets, something that is impossible to figure out from transiting data alone. That in turn allowed them to loosely calculate their densities — giving a sense of how much iron, rock, water and gas the bodies contain.

The fact the planets are in orbital resonance also suggests that they formed farther out from their sun and then migrated inward, Gillon said. This makes it more likely that they will contain water in some form, since water and other volatile compounds (molecules that readily turn to gas) tend to concentrate on the outer edges of solar systems.

Coincidentally, TRAPPIST-1 is in the constellation Aquarius — the water-bearer.

For years, evidence has accumulated that the Milky Way galaxy is full of Earthlike planets. The discovery of seven such worlds around a single, faint star suggests that they may be even more common than originally thought.

Gillon and his colleagues plan to seek out similar solar systems with a new project, Search for Habitable Planets Eclipsing Ultracool Stars, or SPECULOOS. (Like Trappist beer, speculoos cookies are a Belgian delicacy. His next effort will have to be called WAFFLES.)

Meanwhile, scientists are scrambling to get a better look at Proxima b, a rocky world that was discovered orbiting our sun’s nearest neighbor, Proxima Centauri, last August.

But the TRAPPIST-1 researchers, along with several astronomers not involved with the study, say this system is our best target yet to search for extraterrestrial life. Though exoplanet scientists often focus on worlds orbiting sunlike stars, the brightness of those stars makes it difficult to spot small, rocky planets. TRAPPIST-1’s planets are easy to find amid its dim, cool glow.

The system is also incredibly close to Earth. Though 39 light-years would be a long way for humans to travel, it’s practically next door when you consider that the Milky Way galaxy alone is 100,000 light-years across. The closeness of TRAPPIST-1 puts it within the reach of the James Webb Space Telescope, which will be able to detect atmospheric components and thermal emissions from the planets after it launches in 2018.

In the meantime, telescopes on several continents have been trained on the system to search for signs of life. Last summer, the scientists published an early analysis of the atmospheres of planets b and c using data from the Hubble Space Telescope.

“This is direct exploration of another solar system that is happening right now,” Gillon said.

Planets e, f and g are the most intriguing targets for astrobiologists because of their position in TRAPPIST-1’s habitable zone. But even if they turn out to be warm and wet, these worlds might not be great places to live. The planets’ proximity to the star and one another means that they are probably tidally locked, like Earth’s moon. One side of each planet always faces the sun; the other is stuck in constant darkness. This would make for a dramatic temperature gradient that could generate powerful winds — not exactly an earthling’s idea of a cozy home.

And Adams, of the Planetary Science Institute, cautioned that it’s very hard to tell whether a planet is habitable from a distance. An observer outside our solar system might look at Venus, Earth and Mars and reason that the sun hosts three habitable worlds. The alien would need to travel here in person to discover that Venus is a cloudy hell-scape with a runaway greenhouse effect, while Mars is a barren, frozen desert with a defunct internal dynamo.

“There are a lot of ways in which a planet could be like Earth, but not enough,” Adams said.

Another major caveat, she added, is that the very idea of a “habitable world” is purely theoretical. Scientists have only one source of data on habitable planets, and that’s Earth. “We don’t actually know the parameters that are needed for life on another world,” Adams said, “how much it has to look exactly like Earth and how different life could be elsewhere.”

Still, even if no life is discovered on them, the TRAPPIST-1 planets present an unprecedented new window on how solar systems work. Though the planets are more or less Earth-size, their varying densities and distances allow for detailed comparisons of the worlds. It’s almost as if someone designed an experiment in planet formation, controlling for the bodies’ size.

De Wit compared the new planets to seven new languages, each offering a new vocabulary for describing its corner of the universe.

“They all have a slightly different perspective on the same story,” he said, “the story of this solar system.”

JMD

Bunkumless.com

jmdlive@live.ca

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

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donald-trump-exlarge

The Donald: Crazy or crazy like a fox?

Although from a scientific point of view that most doomsday scenario are mostly unlikely for the near future, there are worldwide signs all over the planet indicating that earth and mankind are now experiencing major changes: a major shift in civilizations is about to happen that started one hundred years ago.

Since the origins of man, many societies have been ruled by religious and spiritual beliefs and, all over the world, for years and years, the Apocalypse, the end of the word has been predicted. It doesn’t take a nuclear physicist or a spiritual leader to predict that one day, this earth is going to die. 

All planets die one day and, when this will happen, if there are still men on earth, they will also die. This will be the end of the world, as we know it but certainly not the end of the universe. New planets are born every day and the universe is still expanding. But what about a possible global disaster that may happen in our days that could means the near extinction of man on earth?

History, science, studies and researches teach us that in the past, entire highly developed populations and civilizations suddenly disappeared from the surface of the planet on behalf of natural, biological disasters and human behaviors. Entire species disappeared from the surface of the planet in a very short time period, even in minutes and all of this, without any warning.

If this happen in the past, why can it not happen today? 

JMD

Bunkumless.com

jmdlive@live.ca

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

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sustainability

Consumers want to feel good about the companies they buy from. What is your company doing to help that happen?

Informed consumers want more than the latest fashions, technologies and entertainment options: They are also concerned about environmental issues, fair trade and social equality. They want to purchase their goods and services from companies responsive to these issues.

This connection between economic and social choices provides entrepreneurs with great marketing opportunities, and there are at least five reasons why adding a focus on sustainability or other social issues will help you expand your customer base.

1. Rational versus emotional

People believe their purchasing decisions are based on rational choices, but most consumers decide what to buy and whom to buy it from, based on their emotions. Hot-button issues such as deforestation or hunger in the developing world can become marketing tools Most consumers seek an emotional connection and want to feel good about how they spend their money. Marketing the actions your company takes to respond to selected hot-button issues provides that feel-good experience for your customers, which can translate into an emotional connection with your business.

2. Cause-based spending

Some consumers are passionate about various causes. These people choose to purchase products from companies that support their causes or oppose the same things they do, such as animal cruelty and genetically modified foods. Cause-based spending can have a significant impact on small businesses. When faced with the option of purchasing two products of equal quality, 90 percent of U.S. shoppers choose to purchase the cause-branded product or buy from a cause-branded company.

3. Hot-button topics

These topics often arise from a trending news story, health issue or social challenge, and you can use these issues to effectively and tactfully promote your products or services. You can capitalize on public policy issues by using marketing tools that promote your commitment in a variety of ways. Sustainable practices, for example, save you money, and you can pass those savings along to customers.

3. Education as entertainment

Marketing to environmental or social causes can also take the form of entertainment. Education as entertainment can be done with a simple but heartfelt video explaining why your company supports a particular cause and specifically how people who shop with you are participating in the process.

5. Social media trends

Whether it’s through Instagram or Twitter, trending topics on social media can help create targeted marketing and sales campaigns. You can integrate these issues with your current social media campaigns, such as reveal-based content and quizzes to increase target audience engagement. Use your platforms to inform, educate and connect with like-minded consumers on the causes or issues you support.

Bottom line

Cause-based marketing is an excellent opportunity to present your environmental, sustainable actions or social passion with your target audience. Your efforts will promote the issues you care about and your business. People who support specific causes are more likely to spend their money at businesses that share their interests. Use social media and other opportunities to educate and entertain people about your cause as well as your products and services.

JMD

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

For the full text of this article: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/287301

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Unhappy young couple having an argument. Isolated on white.

Never underestimate the danger of associating with the unhappy and miserable.

The people you associate with are critical.

Those misfortunes among us who have been brought down by circumstances beyond their control deserve all the help and sympathy we can give them. But there are others who are not born to misfortune or unhappiness, but who draw it upon themselves by their destructive actions and unsettling effect on others. It would be a great thing if we could raise them up, change their patterns, but more often than not it is their patterns that end up getting inside and changing us. Humans are extremely susceptible to the moods, emotions, and even the ways of thinking of those with whom they spend their time.

The incurably unhappy and unstable, believe me on this one, have a particularly strong infecting power because their characters and emotions are so intense. They often present themselves as victims, making it difficult, at first, to see their self-inflicted miseries. Before you realize the real nature of their problems, you already have been infected by them. In the game of power, the people you associate with are critical. The risk of associating with the unhappy and unlucky is that you will waste valuable time and energy trying to free yourself. Never underestimate the danger of associating with the unhappy and miserable.

There are many kinds of unhappy and unlucky people to be aware of, but one of the most insidious is the sufferer from chronic dissatisfaction.

There is only one solution: quarantine.

Protect yourself from the negative influence of the unhappy and unlucky by learning on how to judge people on the effects they have on the world and not on the reasons they give for their problems. They can be recognized by the misfortune they draw on themselves, their turbulent past, their long line of broken relationships, their unstable careers, and the very force of their character, which sweeps you up and makes you lose reason. Learn to see the discontent in their eye. Do not take pity. Do not enmesh yourself in trying to help. The unhappy and unlucky will remain unchanged, but you will be unhinged.

On the other hand, there are people who attract happiness to themselves by their good cheer, natural buoyancy, and intelligence. They are a source of pleasure, and you must associate with them to share the prosperity they draw upon themselves. All positive qualities influence our lives. Use the positive side of this emotional osmosis to advantage. Associate with the generous souls and you will attain greatness. Gravitate to the cheerful. Befriend the gregarious. Never associate with those who share your defects, they will only reinforce everything that holds you back. Only create associations with positive affinities and you will benefit more than from all the therapy in the world.

There is nothing to be gained by associating with those who infect you with their misery; associate with the fortunate.

JMD

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

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I learned it the hard way: trying to deal with an emotional manipulator can cost you dearly. Emotional manipulators defy logic. They derive satisfaction from controlling you and creating chaos.

Photo of a sad woman sitting on a chair holding a drink.

I learned it the hard way: trying to deal with an emotional manipulator can cost you dearly.

Emotional manipulators are toxic.

We all know what it feels like to be emotionally manipulated. It can be extremely damaging and destructive. Because emotional manipulation can be so destructive, it is important to recognize it in your own life and to make it a rule to stay away from the emotional manipulators.

Emotional manipulators are naturally very skillful. They are incredibly skilled liars. They will insist an incident did not happen when it did. They will insist they did or said something when they did not. By doing so, they undermine your grasp on reality. They are so good at it that you end up questioning your own sanity.

Emotional manipulators will tell you what you want to hear, but their actions do not match their words. They will pledge their support, but, when it comes time to follow through, they will act as though your requests are entirely unreasonable. They will tell you how lucky they are to know you, and then act as though you are a burden. They make you mold your perception of reality according to what is convenient to them.

they are masters at leveraging your guilt to their advantage. Whatever the problems the two of you are having, you created that situation. Nothing is ever their responsibility. If you get mad or upset, it is your fault for having unreasonable expectations. If they get mad, it is your fault for upsetting them.

They are an emotional black hole.

Whatever emotional manipulators are feeling, they are geniuses at sucking everyone around them into those emotions. If they are in a bad mood, everyone around them knows it. They are so skillful that, not only is everyone aware of their mood, they feel it too.

They eagerly agree to help and then act like a martyr. Whatever they agreed to do is a huge burden. The goal? To make you feel guilty, indebted and maybe even crazy. No matter what problems you may have, they have it worse. The message? You have no reason to complain, so shut the fuck up.

They know all your buttons and do not hesitate to push them. They know your weak spots, and they are quick to use that knowledge against you. Their awareness of your emotions is off the charts and they use it to manipulate you, not to make you feel better.

Stay away from the emotional manipulators.

Emotional manipulators will drive you crazy because of their irrational behavior. Everything they do or say goes against reason. Remove yourself from their traps. You do not need to respond to the emotional chaos. Avoid allowing yourself to respond to them emotionally. Quit trying to beat them at their own game. Distance yourself from them. Establish boundaries. And do so consciously and proactively.

Stick to your guns.

Nobody can manipulate you without your consent and cooperation.Stay away from the emotional manipulators.

They are toxic.

JMD

Owner of Bunkumless.com and King Global Earth and Environmental Sciences Corporation, JMD, a former attorney, is a Columnist for The Futurist Daily News and editor of the Social and Political Blog JMDlive.com  Follow JMD @ jmdlive

Original article: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/285780

 

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