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King Nebra Serekh

King Nebra’s serekh  in Abydos – c. 2880 B.C.

 

“God hath made the universe

And He hath created all that therein is…

He is the Creator of the world,

And it was He who fashioned it with His hands

Before there was any beginning …

What His heart conceived came to pass…

And when He had spoken His word came to pass,

And it shall endure forever.”

Neb Ra Techer “God Almighty”

Nebra or “Ra Neb” is the name of the second early Egyptian king of the 2nd dynasty that ruled Ancient Egypt thirty-nine years according to the ancient Greek historian Manetho and ten or fourteen years according to modern Egyptologists.

Nebra ruled Egypt c. 2850-2880 B.C., either from 2820 B.C. to 2790 B.C. according to some, from 2800 BC to 2785 BC according others or even from 2765 B.C. to 2750 B.C. and little is known about Nebra’s reign.

What is more interesting is Nebra’s serekh name, since it is incorporating the hieroglyphic sign of the sun, which, according to scholars had not yet become the object of divine adoration during Nebra’s lifetime. In his lifetime, c. 2850 BC, the most important religious cults were concentrating on the preservation of the dualistic equal status of the state patrons Horus and Seth and, nothing was more important than keeping that divine balance and the kings themselves were seen as the living representation of both, Horus and Seth.

The sun was seen as a celestial object either controlled by Horus or Seth.

Nebra was the first king who connected his birth name with the name of Ra, starting the great religious belief that Egyptian kings were the living representation of the sun alongside with Horus and Seth.

King Nebra might actually have been the first king who adopted extended thoughts about the sky and the sun as a source of life.

To be continued…

JMD

jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

Michel Ouellette JMD is a talented keynote and motivational speaker, public affairs & communications Strategist.

This Blog appears once a week, every Friday with some occasional extra posts once in a while. Click on the “Following” button to get every new posting as soon as its goes live.
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 All actualities supporting our propos can be found on our Journal Edition of The Futurist Daily News.
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Creation and Evolution

And God said,

Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. [Genesis 1:6]

CHAPTER 1

4,5 billion years ago

The age of Heavens and Earth

According to science, the standard model to explain the formation of our Solar System, including Earth, is “The Solar Nebula Hypothesis”. In this model, the Solar system formed from a large, rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas, composed of hydrogen and helium, created shortly after the Big Bang and some heavier elements ejected by supernovae.

About 4,5 billion years ago, the nebula began a contraction triggered by the shockwave of a nearby supernova, causing the nebula to rotate. As the cloud began to accelerate, its angular momentum, gravity and inertia flattened it into a protoplanetary disk, perpendicular to its axis of rotation. Small perturbations due to collisions and the angular momentum of other large debris created the means by which kilometer-sized protoplanets began to form, orbiting the nebular center. The center of the nebula, not having much angular momentum, collapsed rapidly, the compression heating it until nuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium began. After more contraction, a T Tauri type star ignited and then soon evolved into our actual Sun.

Meanwhile, in the outer part of the nebula, gravity caused matter to condense around density perturbations and dust particles, the rest of the protoplanetary disk beginning separating into rings. In a process known as “Runaway Accretion”, larger fragments of dust and debris then successively clumped together to form planets while the solar wind of the newly formed Sun cleared out most of the material in the original protoplanetary disk that had not already condensed into larger bodies. This is in this manner that Earth originally formed about 4,54 billion years ago to be largely completed within the next 10 to 20 million years.

The first day: The Hadean [4,54 billion years ago]

The first eon in Earth’s history, the Hadean, begins with the Earth’s formation 4,54 billion years ago to be followed by the Archean eon that started 3,8 billion years ago.

From 4,54 billion years ago, the proto-Earth kept growing by accretion until its interior was hot enough to melt the heavy siderophile metals that could be found on its surface. It is only ten million years after that the then proto-Earth evolved into the Earth that we now know and began to form. Having higher densities than the silicates, the heavy siderophile metals of the proto-Earth started to sink in the so coined “Iron Catastrophe” process. Between 2 and 4 billion years ago This so called “Iron Catastrophe” eventually resulted in the separation of a primitive mantle of the Earth and the formation, from what was previously an entirely molten core, of its metallic core, thus producing its layered structure and setting up the creation of the Earth’s magnetic field. From there, volcanic outgassing created the Earth’s “Primordial Atmosphere” that contained almost no oxygen, much of the Earth being then still molten because of its extreme volcanism and frequent collisions with other cosmic bodies, one of these collision being responsible for tilting the Earth at an angle and the formation of the Moon, Earth’s only natural satellite. During the Apollo program, rocks from the Moon’s surface were brought to Earth, radiometric dating of these rocks revealing the Moon being about 4,48 to 4,53 billion years old.

According to the “Giant Impact Hypothesis”, in a period called the “Late Heavy Bombardment” that began about 4,1 billion years ago to conclude around 300 million years later. The Moon originated after a cosmic body the size of Mars struck the proto-Earth at the end of the Hadean. This collision releasing about 100 million times more energy than the impact of the asteroid that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 to 66 million years ago, this was enough to vaporize some of the Earth’s outer layers and melt part of the Earth’s mantle and the impactor, a portion of the Earth mantle material being then ejected into orbit around the Earth. The resulting orbital ejecta then condensed into a single new cosmic body within a period of only a couple of weeks. The moon, the Earth’s only natural satellite, was born.

Even though, due to the large heat flow and geothermal gradient of the Earth, that at the end of the Hadean volcanism was still severe, detrital zircon crystals dated to 4,4 billion years ago show evidence of having undergone contacts with liquid water, thus suggesting that the planet already had oceans or seas at that time. Over time, the Earth cooled down even furthermore to form a solid crust allowing even more liquid water to exist on its surface and sustain life.

The second day: The Archean [3,8 billion years ago]

Since its origin, Earth is often described as having had three atmospheres: a first atmosphere, captured from the solar nebula, composed of light elements from the solar nebula, mostly hydrogen and helium; a second atmosphere rich in volatiles greenhouse gases released by volcanoes, after the “Giant Impact” between the Earth and the smaller proto-planet that gave birth to the moon, but still very poor in oxygen; a third atmosphere, rich in oxygen, that emerged about 2.8 billion years ago, when bacteria began to produce oxygen. While it is believed that oceans may have begun forming as early as 4,4 billion years ago, at the beginning of the Archean eon, as the planet cooled, clouds started to form and rain started to fall on Earth to create even more oceans that covered the Earth.

One of the reasons for interest in the early atmosphere and ocean is that they form the conditions under which life first arose. The first step in the emergence of life may have been chemical reactions that produced many of the simpler organic compounds, including nucleobases and amino acids, which are the building blocks of life. Recent computer simulations have even shown that extraterrestrial organic molecules could have formed in the protoplanetary disk before the formation of the Earth. The next stage of complexity could have been reached from at least three possible starting points: self-replication, an organism’s ability to produce offspring that are very similar to itself; metabolism, its ability to feed and repair itself; and external cell membranes, which allow food to enter and waste products to leave, but exclude unwanted substances. In the early Archean, even if the Earth had cooled significantly enough to sustain life, most present life forms could not have survived in its atmosphere still lacking oxygen and the Earth still lacking an ozone layer. Nevertheless, with candidate fossils dated around 3,5 billion years old, it is possible to affirm that “Primordial Life”, already started to evolve after surviving the “Late Heavy Bombardment” period in hydrothermal vents located below the Earth’s surface and this, from as far back as 4,4 billion years ago when there were still no continents and no land.

Earth’s “Mantle Convection”, this process that still drives plate tectonics today, is the result of a heat flow from the Earth’s interior to the Earth’s surface. Such process results in the creation of rigid tectonic plates at mid-oceanic ridges, plates that are subsequently destroyed, by a process called “Subduction”, that happens into the Earth’s mantle subduction zones. During the early Archean, 3 billion years ago, the mantle of the Earth was very much hotter than today, probably around 1600 °C, so the “Mantle Convection” process was much faster than today resulting in a much faster created tectonic plates. During the Hadean and Archean, subduction zones were also more common than today and, therefore, tectonic plates were much smaller than today. The initial crust of the Earth, formed when the Earth’s surface first solidified to later totally disappeared due to the combination of two main factors and phenomena’s: the fast Hadean plate tectonics creation and destruction process and; the intense impacts of cosmic bodies of the “Late Heavy Bombardment” period. However, it is thought that it was basaltic in composition, like today’s oceanic crust, because little crustal differentiation had yet taken place. The first larger pieces of continental crust, which is a product of differentiation of lighter elements during partial melting in the lower crust, appeared at the end of the Hadean, about 4 billion years ago. What is left of these first small continents are called “Cratons”. These pieces of late Hadean and early Archean crust form the cores around which today’s continents grew.

Like the Dalai Lama would say:

“If science proves religion wrong, it is time to change religion.”

To be continued…

JMD

jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

Michel Ouellette JMD is a talented keynote and motivational speaker, public affairs & communications Strategist.

This Blog appears once a week, every Friday with some occasional extra posts once in a while. Click on the “Following” button to get every new posting as soon as its goes live.
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 All actualities supporting our propos can be found on our Journal Edition of The Futurist Daily News.
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Big_Bang_Theory

In the beginning God created the Heaven and the Earth

[Genesis 1: 1]

INTRODUCTION

13.798 ± 0.037 billion years

The Age of the Universe

According to theory, the Big Bang occurred approximately 13.798 ± 0.037 billion years ago, which is thus, according to the model, the age of the Universe. In seconds 13.798 ± 0.037 billion years ago, the Universe went from nothing to an extremely hot and dense state rapidly expanding energy cloud. After its initial expansion, the Universe cooled down sufficiently to allow part of the primal energy created and released by the Big Bang to be converted into various subatomic particles, including protons, neutrons, and electrons. Though simple atomic nuclei formed within the first three minutes of the Big Bang giving birth to the Universe, thousands of years three hundred thousands  passed before the appearance of hydrogen, helium and lithium, the first electrically neutral atoms. Later, through gravity, giant clouds of these primordial elements coalesced to form the stars and galaxies allowing heavier elements to be synthetized either within stars or during supernovae. Over time, Over a long period of time , the slightly denser regions of the nearly uniformly distributed matter gravitationally attracted nearby matter to grew even denser and form more gas clouds, even more stars and new galaxies, all the astronomical structures that we can observe today.

The Future of the Universe

While the Universe is still expanding today, there are two possible scenarios to be considered for the future. If, at the time of the Big bang, the mass density of the Universe was greater than its critical density, in time, the Universe will reach a maximum size and then begin to collapse in a “Big Crunch” to finally end in a similar state to that in which it started. On the other hand, if at the time of the Big Bang, the mass density of the Universe was equal to or below its critical density, in time, the expansion of the Universe will slow down without ever stopping expanding. With the accelerating consumption of interstellar gas in every galaxy, stars formation will cease and existing stars eventually burn out leaving only white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Very gradually, collisions between these newly created astronomical structures will result in new astronomic masses accumulating into larger and larger black holes. The average temperature of the Universe will then asymptotically approach absolute zero and result in a “Big Freeze.” Moreover, if at the time of the Big Bang, the protons were unstable, then, it is to be expected that, in some distant future, all baryonic matter will ultimately disappear, leaving only radiation and even more black holes. All black holes evaporating, the entropy of the Universe will then increase to the point where no organized form of energy could be extracted from the Universe, thus resulting in an end scenario of the Universe known as “Heat Death.”

The Fundamental Laws of the Universe

The reality of Big Bang theory depends on two major assumptions: the universality of the laws of physic and the existence and reality of the cosmological principle. The cosmological principle states that, on large scales, the Universe being homogeneous and isotropic, an important feature of the Big Bang “spacetime” is the presence of horizons. Since the Universe has a finite age, and light travels at a finite speed, there may be events in the past whose light has not had time to reach us yet, thus creating a limit or “past horizon” on the most distant objects that can be observed today. Conversely, because the Universe is still expanding, and more distant objects are receding ever more quickly in space, light emitted by us today may never catch up to the very distant celestial objects and bodies. This defines a “future horizon”, which limits the upcoming events that mankind will be able to read or influence. Modern observations of the accelerating expansion of the Universe imply that more and more of the currently visible Universe will pass beyond our “actual event horizon” and out of contact with us. The eventual result and consequences of such observable phenomenon and fundamental laws of the Universe is still unknown and highly unpredictable. Will only gravitationally bound systems, such as galaxies, remain together to be subjected to a “Heat Death” finale as the Universe expands and cools? Or will, according to the “Phantom Energy theories”, galaxies, clusters, stars, planets, atoms, nuclei, and matter itself, ultimately be torn apart in a “Big Rip” resulting from the ever-increasing expansion of the Universe? These are questions that we still cannot answer today and probably will never be able to answer as long as we will not be able to travel and communicate in space faster than light.

And What About God?

Nevertheless and contradicting all religious, philosophical and spiritual actual and immemorial beliefs, since its introduction in 1927, the Big Bang theory has been the prevailing model and explanation for the early development of the Universe, the creation of Heavens and Earth. Today, while most everyone and all religions of the world admit and concur with science, some believing the Big Bang theory of the creation of the Universe still implies a “Creator”, while others argue that Big Bang model and cosmology makes the notion of a “Creator” or the “Divine” absolutely unnecessary and superfluous, the Big Bang theory is still one of the liveliest and the foremost areas in the discourse between science and religion. No Creator, no God! This is now the foremost raging debate between creationists and evolutionists. And what is it to say about all these religions, these philosophical, religious and spiritual beliefs? If indeed there is a creator, if indeed the Universe, as well as mankind and all humanity is the result of the intervention of the divine, who is this omnipotent, omnipresent almighty “God” that created Mankind, the Universe, the Heavens and the Earth? Where does he come from and, more importantly, whose “God” is it that is the “Creator” and whom is he speaking too? For the creationists, whatever their nationality, their religious or spiritual background, for the tenants of the existence of a supreme omnipresent and omnipotent being or deity, their “God” and only their “God” is “The Creator” and, for every one of them, especially the more fanatic, they are all, each one of them, ready to die confessing or to kill whoever do not share their faith and, all of this, only to prove their point. While the reality of the Big Bang is well established, it is still a model of the creation to be likely further examined and refined. As for the reality of the “Divine” and “God,” lets solve that issue once and for all.

To be continued…

JMD

jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

Michel Ouellette JMD is a talented keynote and motivational speaker, public affairs & communications Strategist.

This Blog appears once a week, every Friday with some occasional extra posts once in a while. Click on the “Following” button to get every new posting as soon as its goes live.
http://news.thefuturistdailynews.com/

 All actualities supporting our propos can be found on our Journal Edition of The Futurist Daily News.
https://twitter.com/jmdlive

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einstein_science_religion_02

Beware of the false prophets!
The final countdown | by: Michel Ouellette JMD

Science and technology are about one hundred to two hundred years further down the road into the future than the average person could realize.

Scientific discoveries, geopolitical strategies, economic solutions, military planning, medical advances and educational solutions always resulted from continuous research, study of the past historical models, logical rationalism, all such processes being “left-brain thinking and processing” or “rational thinking and data processing activities” used to approach modern-day life reality. Another way of overcoming the challenges of dealing with the modern daily reality is through what is called “right-brain thinking activities”, such thinking process being tremendously more creative and intuitive than the rational way of thinking and processing information. Both, the “left-brain” and “right-brain” thinking processes, are necessary parts of predicting the future with accuracy. In addition to the information generated by our neurological, physiological and biological pathways, some will argue that it is possible to access information and superior knowledge, from what is often referred to the “spiritual dimension” or “spiritual world”.

Science v. Religion

Our Western culture has often displayed bias against the existence of the possible existence of other or inter-dimensional knowledge. By negating this possibility, science is cutting itself off from an essential part of the reality of many people of the world that truly believe in such a reality and possibility. Even though many of our modern days left-brain thinking scientists are dealing with sciences such as Quantum Physics and String Theory or the existence of at least eleven dimensions, they still refuse to acknowledge the spiritual as a source of valid or acceptable information to provide solutions to the many existential problems that the world is now facing. Whatever the arguments for and against the validity of the spiritual dimension as a source of knowledge and wisdom, we appear to be reaching the end of an era and witnessing the approach of a new one.

The end of days or a new beginning 

A singularity of infinite complexity started a few years ago and we are now at this precise moment where everything is accelerated, where anything and everything imaginable can and often will occur simultaneously. What we are dealing with now is a more and even more precise understanding of the real intrinsic nature of our multi-dimensional universe. This inevitably brings up controversies about age-old concepts such as: the existence of “God”; time; eternity; death; afterlife; heaven; hell; paradise on earth and mankind’s destiny. According to the believers, since the days of the Garden of Eden and the Tower of Babel, mankind has received infinite information and the reliability of this information and the source of this information can be quantified, categorized and discerned. But in our present time we face an interesting dilemma.

To be continued…

JMD

jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

Michel Ouellette JMD is a talented keynote and motivational speaker, public affairs & communications Strategist. For more about “Making It” in the years to come and coming soon: “Standing Out” by JMD.

This Blog appears once a week, every Friday with some occasional extra posts once in a while. Click on the “Following” button to get every new posting as soon as its goes live.


http://news.thefuturistdailynews.com/

 All actualities supporting our propos can be found on our Journal Edition of The Futurist Daily News.


https://twitter.com/jmdlive

To find out “Daily” what is really happening in the world, follow my Daily Twitter Updates.

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Then and Now! Money is the answer

In The Bible, the first book of the genre, apocalyptical and prophetical elements can be found in the books of Joel and Zechariah. The book of Isaiah, on the other hand, especially in chapters 24–27 and 33 presents well-developed apocalyptic scenarios and apocalypses. Finally, it is the Book of Daniel that will offer a fully matured and classic example of apocalyptic literature. It is only because of the non-fulfillment of the various prophecies of the early Judaic vaticinators that the apocalyptic genre was developed and popularized.

While is was becoming more and more evident everyday to everyone, that all these utopian predictions about some alleged heavenly kingdom of a so called messianic god were nothing else than pure fiction to constraint, regulate and control the behavior the citizen of the state, prophets turned themselves into high priests, politicians and legislators. The mandatory elements of the prophecies then turned into more realistic code of laws and the fictional hallucinogenic and psychedelic elements of the prophecies into science fiction apocalyptic literature.

Such ideas as those of “The day of Yahweh” and the “New Heavens and a New Earth” were then re-edited by the Jewish people with fresh nuances in conformity with their new social, political, economical and spiritual and theological settings. Later on, the early Christians would do exactly the same thing in reediting Daniel to serve a new political reality, Christianity to the service of and under the control of the Roman Empire. Thus the inner development of both, the Jewish and Christian apocalyptic was conditioned by necessity and history rather then by the words of some so-called omnipotent universal god.

Nonetheless the prophecies found in both the Jewish Scriptures and the Christians Scriptures, which have not changed over time, for the greatest financial benefit and profit of the diverse spiritual sects and religious cults leaders, are still today awaiting their fulfillment, which will never come.

To be continued…

JMD

 jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

 

 quote-no-evil-can-happen-to-a-good-man-either-in-life-or-after-death-plato-146437

Fear not the light

Lets make it clear once and for all: “There is no believable prophecy in the Book of revelation; Revelation is to prophesy and divine insight what science fiction is to reality.”

Numerous societies, including the Babylonian and Judaic, had produced apocalyptic literature and mythology, which dealt with the end of the world and of human society. The Epic of Gilgamesh, written ca. 2000–1500 BC, details a myth where the angry gods send floods to punish humanity, but the ancient hero Utnapishtim and his family is saved through the intervention of the god Ea. Later, the Epic of Gilgamesh will be edited by the Judaic authors to become the scriptural story of Noah and his Ark describing the end of a corrupt civilization and its replacement with a remade world, one of the best-known mythical and apocalyptic stories of the modern world.

The first centuries AD saw the creation of various apocalyptic works; the best known is the Book of Revelation filled with prophecies of destruction, as well as luminous visions.

In the first chapter of Revelation, the author takes it as his mission to convey, to reveal God’s kingdom. The apocalyptic story provides a beautiful vision of The Judgement Day, revealing God’s promise for redemption from suffering and strife. Revelation describes a New Heaven and a New Earth, to its intended audience, the Christians under the persecution of the Roman Empire. As for Israel before them, these Christians believed themselves to be the chosen ones.

This apocalyptic story will then be revamped by many prophets of doom claiming to be the owner of the divine decree and mandate of heaven and that the only way to save your soul and avoid death when the judgement day will come is to join their cult and missionize the world.

How should one look at the book of Revelation?

Apocalyptic literature is nothing else then a genre of prophetical intended to brainwash and scare people into joining a religion or a cult; a literature genre first developed in the alleged post-Exilic Jewish-culture that later became very popular among millennialist early Christians. Today many religious cults and organizations are still pretending to the reality of the Book of Revelation to get to the people and their savings.

“Apocalypse” [Ἀποκάλυψις] is a Greek word meaning “revelation”, “an unveiling or unfolding of things not previously known and which could not be known apart from the unveiling.” As a literature genre, apocalyptic literature details the authors’ visions of the end times as allegedly revealed by a so called god, an heavenly messenger or so called angel or spirit.

The apocalyptic literature of Judaism and early Christianity embracing a considerable period of time, from the centuries following the so-called Exile of the Jewish people from Egypt down to the close of the Middle Ages, is a literary genre pretending to foretell supernaturally inspired cataclysmic events that will transpire at the end of the world. A product of the Judeo-Christian tradition, apocalyptic literature is inevitably, [for evident credibility reasons], characteristically pseudonymous. This way, no information being available on the fictive author name, nobody can challenge the credibility of the tale and its author. The Apocalyptic piece of literature will always be in narrative form, will always employs esoteric language, express a very pessimistic view of the present, and inevitably treats the final events as imminent.

The earliest apocalypses are Jewish works that date from about 200 BCE to about 165 BCE and the latest ones are works originating from Chinese and Japanese sects develop after the second World War. In Japan alone, there are 41,000 religious and spiritual sects pretending to an imminent end of the world. In the western world everyone knows the pretentions of the Mormons or the Jehovah Witnesses and lately of Pastors Mark Biltz and John Hagee and one hundred nineteen other Ministries [including one Japanese religious and spiritual Sect], pretending that the Great Tribulation started this fall of 2013; that signs will be visible in the sky on April 15 and September 8 of 2014 and that the second coming of Christ and the end of the world is to happen somewhere in 2015.

How much of that bull can one take?

While the earlier Jewish writers or whatever Jewish Prophets, have foretold the coming of world wide or localized disasters, they never placed these events in a narrative framework nor conceived of them in eschatological terms. It is only during the time of the Hellenistic domination of Palestine and the revolt of the Maccabees that a pessimistic view of the present became coupled with an expectation of an apocalyptic scenario characterized by an imminent crisis, a universal judgment, and a supernatural resolution.

The most famous and influential of the early Jewish apocalypses is the last part of the biblical Book of Daniel written about 167 BCE and attributed to a revered wise man that supposedly lived some four centuries earlier at the time of the Babylonian captivity. “Daniel” recounts a series of visions, the first of which is the most succinct. He sees a succession of four terrible beasts, evidently representing a succession of earthly persecutors culminating in the contemporary Hellenistic tyrant Antiochus IV Epiphanes (the “eleventh horn” of the fourth beast). Daniel then sees the destruction of the last beast by the “Ancient of Days” and the coming of “one like the Son of Man,” to whom is given “everlasting dominion that shall not pass away” and whose kingdom will be inhabited by “the people of the saints,” who will forever serve and obey him.

The other Jewish apocalypses, the first Book of Enoch [c. 200 BCE], the fourth Book of Ezra [c. 100 CE], and the second and third Books of Baruch [c. 100 CE], are “apocryphal” insofar as they do not belong to the canonical Hebrew Bible. They are extant in Ethiopic, Syriac, Greek, and Latin translations made by Christians rather than in their original Hebrew or Aramaic forms. The reason that the apocalypses survived in this manner being that, after the failure of a series of Jewish revolts against the Roman Empire, after about 135 CE, the rabbis who began the process of codifying the Jewish tradition turned away from apocalypticism to an emphasis on upholding and interpreting the law of the Pentateuch. Unfortunately, however, while Jewish apocalypticism was still flourishing, it was taken up and edited to suit their own purposes by Christians.

Most authorities regard early Christianity as a fervently apocalyptic religion, intent on the imminent “Second Coming” of Christ to preside over the Last Judgment and the end of the world. Early Christian apocalypticism is evident in the Gospels, which are permeated with language taken from Daniel. The so-called Little Apocalypse, a sermon by Jesus found in Matthew with parallels in Mark and Luke, foretells the imminence of collective tribulation and chastisement before the coming of the “Son of Man” who will “sit upon the throne of his glory” and separate “the sheep from the goats.” Some Pauline epistles also contain apocalyptic content. The last book of the New Testament, Revelation concludes canonical Christian scripture on an apocalyptic note. Written in Asia Minor about 95 CE by a Christian named John, Revelation offers a vibrant, sometimes colorful, account of imminent crisis, judgment, and salvation. Evidently obsessed by the persecution of Christians by the Roman Empire, which he refers to as “Babylon,” John recounts a series of visions that foretell a crescendo of persecutions and martyrdoms followed by universal judgment, retribution for the forces of evil, and rewards for the faithful.

Conclusion

Whatever the origins of the apocalyptic work, its details are more then often impenetrable because of the compulsive use of an esoteric allusive language that is not making any sense except for the author of such work. Moreover, Moreover, because the events are so repetitive, the narrative is always and always will be bewildering. Nevertheless, the intent of the writer cannot be ignored: the hallucinogenic imagery is easily engraved in the mind of the reader, and the mysteries found in the text have proved endlessly fascinating if not scary. Nor can there be any doubt of the ultimate intended message: the world, which is already suffering, will soon be washed in blood, but the “King of Kings” will come to “tread the winepress of the wrath of God,” and everlasting rewards will be given to those who have “washed their robes in the blood of the lamb.”

A number of other Christian apocalypses were written during the period between 100 and 400 CE, including the Apocalypse of Peter, the Apocalypse of Paul, the Ascension of Isaiah, and the Testament of Abraham. Although these works adhere to apocalyptic form in recounting supernatural visions pseudonymously in esoteric language, they refer to an individual’s rather than to a collective salvation. For many scholars and less naïve believers, they believed in a non-apocalyptic Last Judgment and started insisting on the fact that the time of the last act of history of mankind was utterly uncertain. Nevertheless beliefs inherited from Daniel and Revelation permitted the survival of apocalyptic thinking in the Middle Ages and led to the creation of new apocalyptic works, such as the Revelations of Pseudo-Methodius in the mid century) and the Vision of Brother John later in the thirteenth   century. Many medieval authors also wrote pseudonymous prophecies foretelling about imminent crisis, judgment, and salvation.

Although the apocalyptic genre disappeared after the Middle Ages, because of the more and more frequent conflicts emerging in the world at the end of the 18th century, starting around 1843, an apocalyptic mood, reinforced by explicit references to the Book of Revelation, appears in numerous modern literary works between 1930 and 1959. Moreover, in the same period, several Protestant denominations in the United States and East Asian denominations, started to propound apocalyptic faiths and beliefs, describing apocalyptic events in sufficiently descriptive, colourful and violent terms, to achieve phenomenal popularity and monetary success.

No, Nobody needs to belong to any religion or cult to become a better person. 2014 will not be the year of the end of the world but rather the year of the early global awakening of the people of the world 2014 will be the year of the end of this era of total nonsense and bull of the authoritarian clerical economical and political; the end of all of this pseudo intellectual, spiritual, mystical, religious, political and economical mental masturbation. 2014 will be the year of the proper and the ethical.

Stop praying and start acting.

To be continued…

JMD

 jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com

EGYPT-TOURISM-LUXOR 

The sun rises behind the Temple of Karnak Temple during the alignment of the winter solstice sunrise to the temple in the southern Egyptian city of Luxor on December 21.

December 21st 2013  | LUXOR, EGYPT

The event marks the longest night in the Northern Hemisphere and the longest day in the Southern Hemisphere

BEHOLD!

A year has passed since the great Mayan apocalypse of 2012; we are all still here and the winter solstice, one more time, is again upon us.

The winter solstice marks the shortest day of the year for dwellers in the Northern Hemisphere, and the longest day of the year for those south of the equator. Darkness cast a great shadow over the Northern Hemisphere and the sun halt its orbit and change paths, eventually moving northward and inching toward more sunlight for those of us in the north.

The winter solstice always occurs at a specific time, not just day. This year, it was at 12:11 p.m. EST on Saturday, December 21 that the he sun shone directly over the Tropic of Capricorn. The farthest south the sun reached, the colder the temperatures in the north. In the Southern Hemisphere, it was the longest day of the year.

Several centuries ago, the Christian church tied the birth of Jesus Christ, to the Roman holiday “Dies Natalis Solis Invictus” [The Birthday of the Unconquerable Sun], where the “Solar disk” stops its run in heaven for three days before rising high again in the sky reversing its course. As for the Romans, the Christians and the Egyptians a long time before them and many other Ancient cultures, the winter solstice serves a turning point in in their spiritual and religious beliefs, which is why it was tied to the Mayan apocalypse scare that marked the end of the calendar and to some believers, the end of the world.

This year, North America has seen nine hours and thirty-two minutes of daylight during the solstice, and fourteen hours and twenty-eight minutes of nighttime. But the winter solstice doesn’t always happen at the same time. Next year northern dwellers can expect the solstice at 11:03 p.m. and in 2015 it will occur on December twenty-second. This is to say that the sun will die on the twenty-second day of December only to resurrect three days later on December twenty-fifth. And since the beginning of times, this is this eternal cycle that the twelve constellations of our solar system, the twelve apostles of the sun, of the solar disk have been witnessing year after year.

To be continued…

JMD

 jmdlive@lefuturistedailynews.com